Pastures Resources

Livestock feed on offer assessment guide

Feed on offer assessment guide

This resource was produced by farmers to assist farmers in low rainfall mixed farming areas to assess their feedbase to improve their feed budgeting skills and ewe nutrition. It includes  pictures of a range of crop/pasture types (including cereals, vetch, medics and crop stubbles).

Feed on offer library

Australian Wool Innovation Pasture Feeding

The feed on offer (FOO) library allows users to estimate FOO and nutritive value of grazed pastures. Animal performance is determined by the quality of pasture available and when known, better decisions can be made on allocation of stock to paddocks or supplementary feeding.

MLA Pasture ruler

MLA pasture ruler measuring grass height

Pasture rulers measure height and equate to pasture mass – calibrated to read green dry matter when 100% green and capable of conversion to dry matter. These are simple to use.

Pasture growth rate guide

Pasture growth rate guide - y axis shows kilograms per hectare, per day in 20 kilogram increments starting at 20 and ending at 100 kilograms. The x axis shows monthly increments starting with January and ending with December. Four pasture growth rates are shown - poor in red, average in black, good in blue and very good in green.

Source Prograze manual – a guide only as these will vary considerably with pasture species, soil type, moisture, climate and management.

Regional pasture growth rates

Pasture growth curves - North East Victoria (Seymour)

Source EverGraze – Pasture growth rates and tables for regions across Australia compiled for Meat and Livestock Australia Feed Demand Calculator.

Pasture Quality for mixed swards

Quality DescriptionsDigest Green (%)Digest Dead (%)Legume (%)Dead (%)Characteristics
Very High75%45%60%10%Consists of high proportion of legumes such as sub-clover, white clover, medics or lucerne.
Grass pasture species that present are generally highly digestible perennials.
There is a very low proportion of low digestibility annuals and ‘dead’ pasture within sward.
High75%45%30%10%Comprised of highly digestible perennial grass species such as ryegrass, phalaris or fescue.
Have a reasonable proportion of clover present (around 30%).
Very low amounts of ‘dead’ plant material in the pasture sward
Medium70%45%15%20%Typically consists of a mix of highly digestible perennial grasses and moderate to low digestibility annual grass species.
The legume content of pasture species within the sward is typically low at 15%. The mount of ‘dead’ plant herbage generally around 20%.
Low65%45%5% or lessUp to 50%Typically has large proportion of low digestibility species (e.g. Onion grass, silver grass).
May contain a proportion of moderate digestibility species (e.g. Cocksfoot, barley grass).
Very low clover content.
May also have high levels of dead plant material in sward.