Common feed values

Cattle

IMPORTANT – Note the difference in approximate dry matter (DM) % (ME) Metabolisable energy (MJ/kg DM) Approximate dry matter (DM) % Energy MJ ME/kg DM Crude protein % dry matter
When fed whole to cattle When fed rolled or coarsely milled to cattle
Average Average Range Average Range
Wheat 90 9 13 12-15 12 8-23
Barley 90 8.4 13 11-13 11 6-17
Triticale 90 10.4 13 12-15 12 9-15
Oats 90 10 11 9-13 9 6-12
Lupins 90 11 13 12-1 30 26-40
Peas 90 11 13 10-13 23 18-29
Maize 90 13 13.5 12-14 9 8-13
Safflower seeds 90   13 7-12 25 20-37
Rice (dehulled) 90   12 11-14 7 7-9
Rye 90   14   11  
Sorghum 90 10 13   11  
Pellets 90 N/A 12 10-14 12 11-16

WARNING: As can be seen from the table, foods vary considerably in nutritional value depending on growing conditions, stage of harvesting and storage conditions. The only way to be sure of the nutritional value of a particular batch of food is to have it tested for energy, protein, fibre and dry matter

Sheep

Feed Type   Energy (megajoules/kg DM)   Protein (% Crude Protein) 
  Average  Common Range Average  Common Range
Wheat, Triticale 13 12-15 12 8-23
Barley 13 11-13 11 6-17
Maize  13 12-14  8-13 
Lupins  13  12-14  30  26-40 
Peas  13  10-13  23  18-29 
Faba Beans  12  10-13  25  18-29 
Oats 11 9-13 9 6-12
Sheep pellets (brands vary) 10 6-13 12 4-21
Lucerne hay 8.5 7-9 20 16-25
Clover hay (early) 8.5 7-9.5 18 15-20
Pasture hay (mid-season) 7 6-7 11 8-16
Oaten hay 7 6-8 8 5-10
Grass hay 6 5-7 8 5-10
Cereal straw 5 4-8 4 2-5